Transformation of poorly water-soluble drugs into lipophilic ionic liquids enhances oral drug exposure from lipid based formulations

Yasemin Sahbaz, Hywel David Williams, Tri-Hung Nguyen, Jessica Anne Saunders, Leigh Ford, Susan Ann Charman, Peter John Scammells, Christopher John Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Absorption after oral administration is a requirement for almost all drug products but is a challenge for drugs with intrinsically low water solubility. Here, the weakly basic, poorly water-soluble drugs (PWSDs) itraconazole, cinnarizine, and halofantrine were converted into lipophilic ionic liquids to facilitate incorporation into lipid-based formulations and integration into lipid absorption pathways. Ionic liquids were formed via metathesis reactions of the hydrochloride salt of the PWSDs with a range of lipophilic counterions. The resultant active pharmaceutical ingredient-ionic liquids (API-ILs) were liquids or low melting point solids and either completely miscible or highly soluble in lipid based, self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) comprising mixtures of long or medium chain glycerides, surfactants such as Kolliphor-EL and cosolvents such as ethanol. They also readily incorporated into the colloids formed in intestinal fluids during lipid digestion. Itraconazole docusate or cinnarizine decylsulfate API-ILs were subsequently dissolved in long chain lipid SEDDS at high concentration, administered to rats and in vivo exposure assessed. The data were compared to control formulations based on the same SEDDS formulations containing the same concentrations of drug as the free base, but in this case as a suspension (since the solubility of the free base in the SEDDS was much lower than the API-ILs). For itraconazole, comparison was also made to a physical mixture of itraconazole free base and sodium docusate in the same SEDDS formulation. For both drugs plasma exposure was significantly higher for the API-IL containing formulations (2-fold for cinnarizine and 20-fold for itraconazole), when compared to the suspension formulations (or the physical mixture in the case of itraconazole) at the same dose. The liquid SEDDS formulations, made possible by the use of the API-ILs, also provide advantages in dose uniformity, capsule filling, and stability compared to similar suspension formulations. The data suggest that the formation of lipophilic ionic liquids provides a means of increasing dissolved-drug loading in lipid based formulations and thereby promoting the exposure of poorly water-soluble drugs after oral administration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1980 - 1991
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this

@article{5bed5be7127544a5aa3aa36553a49239,
title = "Transformation of poorly water-soluble drugs into lipophilic ionic liquids enhances oral drug exposure from lipid based formulations",
abstract = "Absorption after oral administration is a requirement for almost all drug products but is a challenge for drugs with intrinsically low water solubility. Here, the weakly basic, poorly water-soluble drugs (PWSDs) itraconazole, cinnarizine, and halofantrine were converted into lipophilic ionic liquids to facilitate incorporation into lipid-based formulations and integration into lipid absorption pathways. Ionic liquids were formed via metathesis reactions of the hydrochloride salt of the PWSDs with a range of lipophilic counterions. The resultant active pharmaceutical ingredient-ionic liquids (API-ILs) were liquids or low melting point solids and either completely miscible or highly soluble in lipid based, self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) comprising mixtures of long or medium chain glycerides, surfactants such as Kolliphor-EL and cosolvents such as ethanol. They also readily incorporated into the colloids formed in intestinal fluids during lipid digestion. Itraconazole docusate or cinnarizine decylsulfate API-ILs were subsequently dissolved in long chain lipid SEDDS at high concentration, administered to rats and in vivo exposure assessed. The data were compared to control formulations based on the same SEDDS formulations containing the same concentrations of drug as the free base, but in this case as a suspension (since the solubility of the free base in the SEDDS was much lower than the API-ILs). For itraconazole, comparison was also made to a physical mixture of itraconazole free base and sodium docusate in the same SEDDS formulation. For both drugs plasma exposure was significantly higher for the API-IL containing formulations (2-fold for cinnarizine and 20-fold for itraconazole), when compared to the suspension formulations (or the physical mixture in the case of itraconazole) at the same dose. The liquid SEDDS formulations, made possible by the use of the API-ILs, also provide advantages in dose uniformity, capsule filling, and stability compared to similar suspension formulations. The data suggest that the formation of lipophilic ionic liquids provides a means of increasing dissolved-drug loading in lipid based formulations and thereby promoting the exposure of poorly water-soluble drugs after oral administration.",
author = "Yasemin Sahbaz and Williams, {Hywel David} and Tri-Hung Nguyen and Saunders, {Jessica Anne} and Leigh Ford and Charman, {Susan Ann} and Scammells, {Peter John} and Porter, {Christopher John}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1021/mp500790t",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1980 -- 1991",
journal = "Molecular Pharmaceutics",
issn = "1543-8384",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "6",

}

Transformation of poorly water-soluble drugs into lipophilic ionic liquids enhances oral drug exposure from lipid based formulations. / Sahbaz, Yasemin; Williams, Hywel David; Nguyen, Tri-Hung; Saunders, Jessica Anne; Ford, Leigh; Charman, Susan Ann; Scammells, Peter John; Porter, Christopher John.

In: Molecular Pharmaceutics, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2015, p. 1980 - 1991.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transformation of poorly water-soluble drugs into lipophilic ionic liquids enhances oral drug exposure from lipid based formulations

AU - Sahbaz, Yasemin

AU - Williams, Hywel David

AU - Nguyen, Tri-Hung

AU - Saunders, Jessica Anne

AU - Ford, Leigh

AU - Charman, Susan Ann

AU - Scammells, Peter John

AU - Porter, Christopher John

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Absorption after oral administration is a requirement for almost all drug products but is a challenge for drugs with intrinsically low water solubility. Here, the weakly basic, poorly water-soluble drugs (PWSDs) itraconazole, cinnarizine, and halofantrine were converted into lipophilic ionic liquids to facilitate incorporation into lipid-based formulations and integration into lipid absorption pathways. Ionic liquids were formed via metathesis reactions of the hydrochloride salt of the PWSDs with a range of lipophilic counterions. The resultant active pharmaceutical ingredient-ionic liquids (API-ILs) were liquids or low melting point solids and either completely miscible or highly soluble in lipid based, self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) comprising mixtures of long or medium chain glycerides, surfactants such as Kolliphor-EL and cosolvents such as ethanol. They also readily incorporated into the colloids formed in intestinal fluids during lipid digestion. Itraconazole docusate or cinnarizine decylsulfate API-ILs were subsequently dissolved in long chain lipid SEDDS at high concentration, administered to rats and in vivo exposure assessed. The data were compared to control formulations based on the same SEDDS formulations containing the same concentrations of drug as the free base, but in this case as a suspension (since the solubility of the free base in the SEDDS was much lower than the API-ILs). For itraconazole, comparison was also made to a physical mixture of itraconazole free base and sodium docusate in the same SEDDS formulation. For both drugs plasma exposure was significantly higher for the API-IL containing formulations (2-fold for cinnarizine and 20-fold for itraconazole), when compared to the suspension formulations (or the physical mixture in the case of itraconazole) at the same dose. The liquid SEDDS formulations, made possible by the use of the API-ILs, also provide advantages in dose uniformity, capsule filling, and stability compared to similar suspension formulations. The data suggest that the formation of lipophilic ionic liquids provides a means of increasing dissolved-drug loading in lipid based formulations and thereby promoting the exposure of poorly water-soluble drugs after oral administration.

AB - Absorption after oral administration is a requirement for almost all drug products but is a challenge for drugs with intrinsically low water solubility. Here, the weakly basic, poorly water-soluble drugs (PWSDs) itraconazole, cinnarizine, and halofantrine were converted into lipophilic ionic liquids to facilitate incorporation into lipid-based formulations and integration into lipid absorption pathways. Ionic liquids were formed via metathesis reactions of the hydrochloride salt of the PWSDs with a range of lipophilic counterions. The resultant active pharmaceutical ingredient-ionic liquids (API-ILs) were liquids or low melting point solids and either completely miscible or highly soluble in lipid based, self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) comprising mixtures of long or medium chain glycerides, surfactants such as Kolliphor-EL and cosolvents such as ethanol. They also readily incorporated into the colloids formed in intestinal fluids during lipid digestion. Itraconazole docusate or cinnarizine decylsulfate API-ILs were subsequently dissolved in long chain lipid SEDDS at high concentration, administered to rats and in vivo exposure assessed. The data were compared to control formulations based on the same SEDDS formulations containing the same concentrations of drug as the free base, but in this case as a suspension (since the solubility of the free base in the SEDDS was much lower than the API-ILs). For itraconazole, comparison was also made to a physical mixture of itraconazole free base and sodium docusate in the same SEDDS formulation. For both drugs plasma exposure was significantly higher for the API-IL containing formulations (2-fold for cinnarizine and 20-fold for itraconazole), when compared to the suspension formulations (or the physical mixture in the case of itraconazole) at the same dose. The liquid SEDDS formulations, made possible by the use of the API-ILs, also provide advantages in dose uniformity, capsule filling, and stability compared to similar suspension formulations. The data suggest that the formation of lipophilic ionic liquids provides a means of increasing dissolved-drug loading in lipid based formulations and thereby promoting the exposure of poorly water-soluble drugs after oral administration.

UR - http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/mp500790t

U2 - 10.1021/mp500790t

DO - 10.1021/mp500790t

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 1980

EP - 1991

JO - Molecular Pharmaceutics

JF - Molecular Pharmaceutics

SN - 1543-8384

IS - 6

ER -