In this chapter, we outline the routes through which transformations of engineered nanostructures may occur in the natural environment.The sources for the transformations of nanostructures that we consider include phenolic compounds, natural organic matter(NOM), high plants, and aquatic organism algae. The biophysical and biochemical mechanisms that govern such transformations are described from both the experimental and simulation standpoints, with nanotoxicity serving as a constant point of interest. The overarching goal of this chapter is to offer a biophysical insight into the dynamic fate of engineered nanostructures in the natural environment, a topic of profound importance for guiding the continued development of nanotechnology.
|Title of host publication||Nature's Nanostructures|
|Editors||Amanda Barnard, Haibo Guo|
|Publisher||Pan Stanford Publishing|
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|