Transferable variable-charge interatomic potential for atomistic simulation of titanium oxides

Varghese Swamy, Julian D. Gale

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A transferable interatomic potential for atomistic simulation of titanium oxides was obtained by parametrizing a Morse-variable-charge model with crystal structures of rutile, anatase, brookite, TiQ2-II, Ti2O3, and monoclinic high- and low-temperature Ti3O5 forms, and elastic constants of rutile. The transferability of the potential was assessed through lattice energy minimisation of the structures included in the fitting as well as some selected structures representing various Ti-O stoichiometries and oxidation states of Ti. In addition, the transferability of the bulk-derived potential to surface simulation was tested by evaluating relaxation characteristics of the (100) rutile surface. The results suggest that for simulating crystal structures the model is applicable across different stoichiometries, polymorphs, and Ti oxidation states. The model also is successful in predicting the bulk module of various phases, the relative stability of the TiO2 polymorphs, and the relaxation of (100) rutile surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5406-5412
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2000
Externally publishedYes

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