Transfection of cells from patients with leukocyte adhesion deficiency with an Lntegrin β subunit (CD18) restores lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 expression and function

Margaret L. Hibbs, Andrew J. Warldlaw, Stevan A. Stacker, Donald C. Anderson, Alice Lee, Thomas M. Roberts, Timothy A. Springer

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Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is an inherited immunodeficiency disease that is characterized by the deficient expression of the leukocyte adhesion glycoproteins lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), Mac-1, and p150,95. This loss of expression is attributed to heterogeneous defects in the common β subunit shared by these glycoproteins. Here we demonstrate that expression of the LFA-1 αβ heterodimer in EBV-transformed B lymphoblastoid cells from LAD patients can be recovered after transfection with the β subunit cDNA contained in an EBV-based vector. Four patients with differing severities of LAD comprising three distinct classes of mutations were studied. Flow cytometry analysis of stably transfected patient cells revealed near normal levels of expression of both the α and β chains of LFA-1, and immunoprecipitation studies confirmed that fully processed α and β chains were being expressed at the cell surface. In addition, Northern analysis of mRNA expression also demonstrated that the transfected LAD patient cells were expressing high quantities of exogenous β subunit mRNA. Functional studies such as homotypic adhesion and adhesion to a purified counterreceptor for LFA-1, intracellular adhesion molecule-1, demonstrated that LFA-1 function had been restored in the stably transfected LAD patient cell lines. These studies unequivocally show that the defect in cells from patients with LAD is in the leukocyte integrin β subunit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)674-681
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1990


  • Adhesion protein deficiency
  • Adhesion receptor
  • Gene therapy
  • Leukocyte integrin

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