The upstream region of the human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) gene contains a functional antioxidant responsive element (ARE) and an overlapping 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate responsive element (TRE), with the sequence TGACTCAGCA. We show that the ARE (TGACNNNGCA) is required for induction by redox cycling phenolics (p-benzoquinone, catechol and hydroquinone), which are monofunctional inducers and induce NQO1 without the requirement for activation by cytochrome P-450. The TRE (TGACTCA) is involved only in basal expression. A plasmid containing overlapping ARE-TRE (TGACTCAGCA) sequences (-587 to -379) from the NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase gene was transiently transfected into Hep G2 cells. In the absence of inducers, basal expression was 4-fold higher than in F9 cells (which lack AP-1 activity). Using subcloned oligonucleotides containing the ARE-TRE sequence (-473 to -440), the ARE sequence alone (TCA changed to GAC) and the TRE sequence alone (GC changed to TA), the basal level of expression was in the order: TRE > TRE-ARE > ARE in Hep G2 cells. Using F9 cells, basal expression was detected using the combination ARE-TRE sequence or the ARE, but not the TRE alone. p-Benzoquinone, catechol and hydroquinone, but not resorcinol, induced gene expression in both Hep G2 and F9 cells via the ARE-TRE and ARE sequences, but the TRE sequence did not contribute to this induction. We therefore conclude that induction of human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase by monofunctional inducers is via the ARE and not the TRE, and that the induction is mediated by proteins other than Fos and Jun.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Structure and Expression|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Jun 1996|
- Antioxidant responsive element
- Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase
- Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
- Glutathione S-transferase