Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe symptomatic aortic stenosis using a repositionable valve system: 30-day primary endpoint results from the REPRISE II study

Ian T Meredith, Darren Walters, Nicolas Dumonteil, Stephen Grant Worthley, Didier Tchetche, Ganesh Manoharan, Daniel J Blackman, Gilles Rioufol, David Hildick-Smith, Robert Whitbourn, Thierry Lefevre, Rudiger Lange, Ralph Muller, Simon Redwood, Dominic J Allocco, Keith D Dawkins

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Abstract

Results Mean age was 84.4 years, 57 of the patients were female, and 76 were New York Heart Association functional class III/IV. Mean aortic valve area was 0.7 ? 0.2 cm2. The valve was successfully implanted in all patients, with no cases of valve embolization, ectopic valve deployment, or additional valve implantation. All repositioning (n = 26) and retrieval (n = 6) attempts were successful; 34 patients (28.6 ) received a permanent pacemaker. The primary device performance endpoint was met, because the mean gradient improved from 46.4 ? 15.0 mm Hg to 11.5 ? 5.2 mm Hg. At 30 days, the mortality rate was 4.2 , and the rate of disabling stroke was 1.7 ; 1 (1.0 ) patient had moderate PVR, whereas none had severe PVR. Conclusions REPRISE II demonstrates the safety and effectiveness of the Lotus valve in patients with severe aortic stenosis who are at high surgical risk. The valve could be positioned successfully with minimal PVR. (REPRISE II: REpositionable Percutaneous Replacement of Stenotic Aortic Valve Through Implantation of Lotus? Valve System - Evaluation of Safety and Performance; NCT01627691). Background Transcatheter aortic valve replacement provides results comparable to those of surgery in patients at high surgical risk, but complications can impact long-term outcomes. The Lotus valve, designed to improve upon earlier devices, is fully repositionable and retrievable, with a unique seal to minimize paravalvular regurgitation (PVR). Objectives The prospective, single-arm, multicenter REPRISE II study (REpositionable Percutaneous Replacement of Stenotic Aortic Valve Through Implantation of Lotus Valve System: Evaluation of Safety and Performance) evaluated the transcatheter valve system for treatment of severe symptomatic calcific aortic valve stenosis. Methods Patients (n = 120; aortic annulus 19 to 27 mm) considered by a multidisciplinary heart team to be at high surgical risk received the valve transfemorally. The primary device performance endpoint, 30-day mean pressure gradient, was assessed by an independent echocardiographic core laboratory and compared with a pre-specified performance goal. The primary safety endpoint was 30-day mortality. Secondary endpoints included safety/effectiveness metrics per Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339 - 1348
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume64
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this

Meredith, I. T., Walters, D., Dumonteil, N., Worthley, S. G., Tchetche, D., Manoharan, G., Blackman, D. J., Rioufol, G., Hildick-Smith, D., Whitbourn, R., Lefevre, T., Lange, R., Muller, R., Redwood, S., Allocco, D. J., & Dawkins, K. D. (2014). Transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe symptomatic aortic stenosis using a repositionable valve system: 30-day primary endpoint results from the REPRISE II study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 64(13), 1339 - 1348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2014.05.067