Transaction costs and nonlinear adjustment towards equilibrium in the US treasury bill market

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This paper uses nonlinear error correction models to study yield movements in the US Treasury Bill Market. Nonlinear error correction arises because portfolio adjustment is an 'on-off' process, which occurs only when disequilibrium in the bill market is large enough to induce investors to incur the transaction costs associated with buying/selling bills. This, together with heterogeneity of transaction costs, implies that the strength of aggregate error correction depends on both the distribution of costs and the extent of disequilibrium in the market. Smooth transition models are used to describe an aggregate adjustment process which is strong when the market is distant from equilibrium, but becomes weaker as the market approaches equilibrium. Linearity tests indicate that the types of nonlinearities that would be induced by transactions costs are statistically significant, and estimated models which incororate these nonlinearities outperform their linear counterparts, both in sample and out of sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-484
Number of pages20
JournalOxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

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