Trans-cultural aspects of social anxiety disorder and related conditions: A Brazilian case series and a review of international clinical studies

Gabriela Bezerra De Menezes, Leonardo F. Fontenelle, Márcio Versiani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Cross-cultural studies have much to teach clinicians and researchers alike about psychopathology in general and about social anxiety disorder (SAD) in particular. Unfortunately, little is known about the degree and the mechanisms through which cultural environment may influence clinical manifestations of SAD. Objective: Our objective was to identify culture-related clinical patterns in SAD and related disorders. Methods: We described socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of a sample of 62 adult outpatients with SAD seen at a university clinic for anxiety and depressive disorders in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and compared them with those reported in clinical-samples from North America, Europe, Asia and Oceania identified through a systematic review in Medline, PsychINFO, and LILACS. Results: Our comparison of trans-cultural features of SAD lends partial support to Heimberg's (1997) contention that the majority of socio-demographic features and symptoms of this disorder are relatively independent of geographic and cultural differences: Conclusion: Patients with SAD were almost universally characterized by: 1) a predominance of males in clinical samples; 2) early onset of the disorder; 3) high educational attainment; and 4) great frequency of comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalJornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety disorders
  • Clinical description
  • Cross-cultural comparison
  • Cultural characteristics
  • Culture
  • Social anxiety disorder

Cite this