Trajectories of non-intimate partner and intimate partner homicides, 1980-1999: The importance of rurality

Wesley G. Jennings, Alex R. Piquero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Research had consistently shown that intimate partner homicide rates had been on a steady downward decline over the past two decades; however, a relatively recent movement in intimate partner homicide research had emphasized the need for further dissecting the aggregate trends by factors such as gender, race, victim-offender relationship, and same-sex partners. Taking this a step forward, this study utilized trajectory analysis for comparing and contrasting non-intimate partner homicide and intimate partner homicide rates over time in order to explore the importance of rurality when investigating intimate partner violence. Results of the analysis indicated that although intimate partner homicide rates had been declining over the 1980-1999 period for the majority of the 1,341 U.S. counties examined, there was evidence that rurality was significantly associated with an increased likelihood of assignment to a non-declining intimate partner homicide trajectory. In light of the findings, the authors also consider how these results can direct future research on intimate partner violence in rural areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-443
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Criminal Justice
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2008
Externally publishedYes

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