Traditional Food Energy Intake among Indigenous Populations in Select High-Income Settler-Colonized Countries: A Systematic Literature Review

Julia Mccartan, Emma Van Burgel, Isobelle Mcarthur, Sharni Testa, Elisabeth Thurn, Sarah Funston, Angel Kho, Emma Mcmahon, Julie Brimblecombe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The traditional diets of Indigenous Peoples globally have undergone a major transition due to settler colonialism. This systematic review aims to provide a perspective of traditional food intake of Indigenous populations in high-income settler-colonized countries. For inclusion, studies reported the primary outcome of interest - traditional food contribution to total energy intake (% of energy) - and occurred in Canada, the United States (including Hawaii and Alaska), New Zealand, Australia, and/or Scandinavian countries. Primary outcome data were reported and organized by date of data collection by country. Forty-nine articles published between 1987 and 2019 were identified. Wide variation in contribution of traditional food to energy was reported. A trend for decreasing traditional food energy intake over time was apparent; however, heterogeneity in study populations and dietary assessment methods limited conclusive evaluation of this. This review may inform cross-sectoral policy to protect the sustainable utilization of traditional food for Indigenous Peoples.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbernzaa163
Number of pages26
JournalCurrent Developments in Nutrition
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • climate change
  • dietary intake
  • First Peoples
  • food systems
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • nutrition surveys
  • nutrition transition
  • settler colonialism
  • traditional diets

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