Trace element and vitamin concentrations and losses in critically ill patients treated with continuous venovenous hemofiltration

David A. Story, Claudio Ronco, Rinaldo Bellomo

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Abstract

Objectives: To measure the blood concentrations of a number of trace elements and vitamins in critically ill patients and examine their elimination by continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH). Setting: Intensive care unit of a tertiary institution. Design: Prospective, controlled, clinical study. Patients: Eight critically ill patients requiring renal replacement therapy, nine patients requiring intensive care treatment but not requiring renal replacement therapy, and nine healthy controls. Interventions: Measurement of trace element and vitamin concentrations in blood and ultrafiltrate. Measurements and Main Results: Compared with normal volunteers, critically ill patients requiring CVVH had significantly lower median blood concentrations of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and zinc. During the first 24 hrs of CVVH, there were no changes in the trace element and vitamin concentrations in blood, nor were there differences between pro- and postfilter samples. Micronutrient losses in the ultrafiltrate were small or undetectable except for Vitamin C, chromium, and copper. Compared with normal volunteers, critically ill patients not requiring CVVH also had significantly lower median blood concentrations of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and zinc. There were no differences between the two critically ill groups. Conclusions: The clinical significance of the reductions in blood concentrations of selenium, zinc, vitamin C, and vitamin E in critically ill patients and the ultrafiltrate losses of Vitamin C, copper, and chromium remains unclear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-223
Number of pages4
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • Antioxidants
  • Critical illness
  • Hemofiltration
  • Intensive care
  • Oxygen radicals
  • Trace elements
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamins

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