Toxicology of Specific Substances

Alan Wayne Jones, Frank Musshoff, Thomas Kraemer, Andrea E. Schwaninger, Dimitri Gerostamoulos, Olaf H. Drummer, Gustav Drasch, Marie A. Balíková, Jochen Beyer, Helena Teixeira, Mario Thevis, Wilhelm Schänzer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Otherpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter discusses toxiciology of various substances such as alcohols, illegal drugs, narcotics, toxic chemical elements and their ions, and pesticides and insecticides. Some pharmacokinetic parameters for sedative-hypnotics are given in the chapter. Acute or chronic poisonings caused by some gases or solvents occur with various incidences worldwide and can be associated with environmental or occupational pollution, or industrial accidents. They can cause serious intoxications in the criminal or suicidal context, and they can be misused by mistake. Those substances likely to be seen in forensic toxicology are discussed in the chapter. The chapter also discusses natural toxins that originate from plants and mushrooms. Specific requirements distinct to toxicology, forensics or doping controls are present, and selected aspects peculiar to sports drug testing are outlined and discussed in the chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Forensic Medicine
EditorsBurkhard Madea
Place of PublicationWest Sussex UK
Number of pages94
ISBN (Electronic)9781118570654
ISBN (Print)9780470979990
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2014


  • Alcohols
  • Doping
  • Forensic toxicology
  • Illegal drugs
  • Narcotics
  • Natural poisons
  • Pesticides
  • Sedatives
  • Solvents

Cite this

Jones, A. W., Musshoff, F., Kraemer, T., Schwaninger, A. E., Gerostamoulos, D., Drummer, O. H., Drasch, G., Balíková, M. A., Beyer, J., Teixeira, H., Thevis, M., & Schänzer, W. (2014). Toxicology of Specific Substances. In B. Madea (Ed.), Handbook of Forensic Medicine (pp. 900-993). Wiley-Blackwell.