Toward smart learning environments: Affordances and design architecture of augmented reality (AR) applications in medical education

Arkendu Sen, Calvin L.K. Chuen, Aye C. Zay Hta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Medical education places emphasis on situational learning of real-life clinical contexts, while simultaneously focusing on human body three-dimensional (3D) visualization. However, classrooms and laboratories being the main learning environment in early years of medical education, there is limited exposure to real clinical environments to adequately meet such objectives. This study proposes that augmented reality (AR) applications can provide both affordances. Such applications fulfill many of the criteria for smart learning environments (SLE). A systematic review aiming to identify the affordances of AR applications, their design architectures, and impact evaluations was conducted. This review evaluated 25 studies and, with model case studies, analyzed how the different AR applications provided situational learning and visualization in medical education and how their design architecture provided such affordances toward contextualized, interactive, and personalized SLEs. It was found that AR affords facilitation of situational learning and visualization individually. Their integrated educational impact, however, needs to be evaluated further.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of First International Conference on Smart System, Innovations and Computing
Subtitle of host publicationSSIC 2017, Jaipur, India
EditorsSumit Srivastava, Ankit Mundra, Arun K. Somani, Sanyog Rawat
Place of PublicationSingapore
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9789811058288
ISBN (Print)9789811058271
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventInternational Conference on Smart System, Innovations and Computing, SSIC 2017 - Manipal University, Jaipur, India
Duration: 14 Apr 201716 Apr 2017
Conference number: 1st (Springer Link - Proceedings)

Publication series

NameSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
ISSN (Print)2190-3018
ISSN (Electronic)2190-3026


ConferenceInternational Conference on Smart System, Innovations and Computing, SSIC 2017
Abbreviated titleSSIC 2017
Internet address


  • Augmented reality
  • Basic medical sciences education
  • Design architecture
  • Medical education
  • Situational learning
  • Visualization

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