Topology optimization of reinforced concrete structures considering control of shrinkage and strength failure

Yangjun Luo, Michael Yu Wang, Mingdong Zhou, Zichen Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


To take into account the shrinkage effect in the early stage of Reinforced Concrete (RC) design, an effective continuum topology optimization method is presented in this paper. Based on the power-law interpolation, shrinkage of concrete is numerically simulated by introducing an additional design-dependent force. Under multi-axial stress conditions, the concrete failure surface is well fitted by two Drucker-Prager yield functions. The optimization problem aims at minimizing the cost function under yield strength constraints on concrete elements and a structural shrinkage volume constraint. In conjunction with the adjoint-variable sensitivity information, the enhanced aggregation method is utilized to efficiently reduce the computational effort arisen from large-scale strength constraints. Numerical results reveal that the proposed approach can produce a reasonable solution with the least steel reinforcements to ensure the structural safety under the combined action of external loads and shrinkage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-41
Number of pages11
JournalComputers and Structures
Publication statusPublished - May 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Drucker-Prager criterion
  • Enhanced aggregation method
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Shrinkage
  • Topology optimization

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