Topology and doping effects in three-dimensional nanoporous graphene

Iolanda Di Bernardo, Giulia Avvisati, Chaoyu Chen, José Avila, Maria Carmen Asensio, Kailong Hu, Yoshikazu Ito, Peter Hines, Josh Lipton-Duffin, Llew Rintoul, Nunzio Motta, Carlo Mariani, Maria Grazia Betti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


We report on a spatial mapping of the electronic and vibrational structure of three-dimensional (3D) nanoporous graphene architectures, which have a hierarchical pore structure. We demonstrate that the topology, curvature, and pores lead to local changes in the electronic and vibrational structure and in the hybridization states of the carbon atoms (sp2 vs. sp3-like). Nitrogen substitutions in pyrrolic bonding configurations also contribute to local distortions of the planar geometry of graphene. The distortions influence the electronic density of states at the Fermi level by shifting the Dirac cone apex, opening potential avenues for applications of two-dimensional graphene in 3D devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-265
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Di Bernardo, I., Avvisati, G., Chen, C., Avila, J., Asensio, M. C., Hu, K., Ito, Y., Hines, P., Lipton-Duffin, J., Rintoul, L., Motta, N., Mariani, C., & Betti, M. G. (2018). Topology and doping effects in three-dimensional nanoporous graphene. Carbon, 131, 258-265.