Topological insulators and metals in atomic optical lattices

Tudor D. Stanescu, Victor Galitski, J. Y. Vaishnav, Charles W. Clark, S Das Sarma

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Abstract

We propose the realization of topological quantum states in a cold-atom system, using a two-dimensional hexagonal optical lattice and a light-induced periodic vector potential. A necessary condition for observing the topological states is the realization of a confining potential with a flat bottom and sharp boundaries. To probe the topological states, we propose to load bosons into the characteristic edge states and image them directly. The possibility of mapping out the edge states and controlling the optical lattice and vector potentials offers opportunities for exploring topological phases with no equivalent in condensed-matter systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053639
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume79
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2009
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Stanescu, T. D., Galitski, V., Vaishnav, J. Y., Clark, C. W., & Das Sarma, S. (2009). Topological insulators and metals in atomic optical lattices. Physical Review A, 79(5), [053639]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.79.053639