Tools to evaluate medication management for caregivers of people living with dementia: A systematic review

Melissa Gench, Mouna J. Sawan, Aili Langford, Danijela Gnjidic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Caregivers often undertake medication management for people living with dementia without formal training. There is a need to evaluate caregiver medication management practices for people living with dementia to identify and address the key issues that contribute to caregiver burden. 

Objectives: This study aimed to identify and summarize approaches that evaluate medication management for caregivers of people living with dementia and appraise caregiver's involvement in aspects of medication management. 

Search Strategy: A systematic search was undertaken in five databases: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts. Studies written in English that contained tools and surveys that evaluated aspects of medication management for caregivers of PWD were included. 

Results: A total of 10 studies were included. Medication selection was assessed in six studies, supply and monitoring/review was captured in seven studies, with administration assessed in nine studies. Caregivers were commonly involved in decision-making for medication changes (77.1%–86.8%) and in the ordering (55.9%–86.0%) and collection (87.0%–92.4%) of medications. Reported caregiver involvement in medication administration showed a wide range (44%–94.7%) between the studies. Challenges in administration were commonly related to polypharmacy and dosage regimen complexity. 

Conclusions: Current tools capture specific aspects of medication management, with medication administration the most evaluated aspect of medication management. Future research is needed to develop a tool to holistically evaluate the complexities of medication management for caregivers of people living with dementia to minimize adverse events at transitions of care. Public Contribution: From the authors' previous research, caregivers highlighted the need to address key issues in medication management for people living with dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1570-1581
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Expectations
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • caregiver
  • dementia
  • medication management
  • transitions of care

Cite this