Timescales of spherulite crystallization in obsidian inferred from water concentration profiles

Jonathan Castro, Pierre Beck, Hugh Tuffen, Alexander Nichols, Donald Dingwell, Michael Martin

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Abstract

We determined the kinetics of spherulite growth in obsidians from Krafla volcano, Iceland. We measured water concentration profiles around spherulites in obsidian by synchrotron Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The distribution of OH- groups surrounding spherulites decreases exponentially away from the spherulite-glass border, reflecting expulsion of water during crystallization of an anhydrous paragenesis (plagioclase + SiO2+ clinopyroxene + magnetite). This pattern is controlled by a balance between the growth rate of the spherulites and the diffusivity of hydrous solute in the rhyolitic melt. We modeled advective and diffusive transport of the water away from the growing spherulites by numerically solving the diffusion equation with a moving boundary. Numerical models fit the natural data best when a small amount of post-growth diffusion is incorporated in the model. Comparisons between models and data constrain the average spherulite growth rates for different temperatures and highlight size-dependent growth among a small population of spherulites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1816 - 1822
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume93
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Castro, J., Beck, P., Tuffen, H., Nichols, A., Dingwell, D., & Martin, M. (2008). Timescales of spherulite crystallization in obsidian inferred from water concentration profiles. American Mineralogist, 93(11-12), 1816 - 1822. https://doi.org/10.2138/am.2008.2904