Time to definitive failure to the first tyrosine kinase inhibitor in localized GI stromal tumors treated with imatinib as an adjuvant: A European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group Intergroup Randomized Trial in collaboration with the Australasian Gastro-Intestinal Trials Group, UNICANCER, French Sarcoma Group, Italian Sarcoma Group, and Spanish Group for Research on Sarcomas

Paolo G. Casali, Axel Le Cesne, Andres Poveda Velasco, Dusan Kotasek, Piotr Rutkowski, Peter Hohenberger, Elena Fumagalli, Ian R. Judson, Antoine Italiano, Hans Gelderblom, Antoine Adenis, Jörg T. Hartmann, Florence Duffaud, David Goldstein, Javier M. Broto, Alessandro Gronchi, Angelo P. Dei Tos, Sandrine Marréaud, Winette T.A. Van Der Graaf, John R. ZalcbergSaskia Litière, Jean Yves Blay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

130 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: In 2004, we started an intergroup randomized trial of adjuvant imatinib versus no further therapy after R0-R1 surgery patients with localized, high- or intermediate-risk GI stromal tumor (GIST). Patients and Methods: Patients were randomly assigned to 2 years of imatinib 400 mg daily or no further therapy after surgery. The primary end point was overall survival; relapse-free survival (RFS), relapse-free interval, and toxicity were secondary end points. In 2009, given the concurrent improvement in prognosis of patients with advanced GIST, we changed the primary end point to imatinib failure-free survival (IFFS), with agreement of the independent data monitoring committee. We report on a planned interim analysis. Results: A total of 908 patients were randomly assigned between December 2004 and October 2008: 454 to imatinib and 454 to observation. Of these, 835 patients were eligible. With a median follow-up of 4.7 years, 5-year IFFS was 87% in the imatinib arm versus 84% in the control arm (hazard ratio, 0.79; 98.5% CI, 0.50 to 1.25; P = .21); RFS was 84% versus 66% at 3 years and 69% versus 63% at 5 years (log-rank P < .001); and 5-year overall survival was 100% versus 99%, respectively. Among 528 patients with high-risk GIST by local pathologist, 5-year IFFS was 79% versus 73%; among 336 centrally reviewed high-risk patients, it was 77% versus 73%, respectively. Conclusion: This study confirms that adjuvant imatinib has an overt impact on RFS. No significant difference in IFFS was observed, although in the high-risk subgroup there was a trend in favor of the adjuvant arm. IFFS was conceived as a potential end point in the adjuvant setting because it is sensitive to secondary resistance, which is the main adverse prognostic factor in patients with advanced GIST.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4276-4283
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

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