Time-resolved X-ray radiography of sprays from Engine Combustion Network spray a diesel injectors

A. L. Kastengren, F. Z. Tilocco, D. Duke, C. F. Powell, Xusheng Zhang, Seoksu Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


A significant hurdle to the understanding of sprays is the link between nozzle geometry and the fluid distribution in the spray. X-ray radiography can help to clarify this link by providing quantitative measurements of the spray density in the near-nozzle region, including at the exit plane. The current work describes x-ray radiography measurements performed at Argonne National Laboratory under the "Spray A" conditions of the Engine Combustion Network. Four injector samples have been studied, and model-dependent reconstructions have been used to generate 3D maps of the average fuel density as a function of time. These measurements reveal differences between the sprays from nominally identical injectors that can be interpreted in terms of previously measured geometric differences in the injector nozzles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-272
Number of pages22
JournalAutomization and Sprays
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Diesel
  • Engine Combustion Network
  • Radiography
  • Spray A
  • Sprays
  • X-ray

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