We propose that we can realize "tight-binding photonic bands" in metallophotonic waveguide networks, where the photonic bound states localized around the crossings of a network form a tight-binding band. The formation of bound states at the crossings is distinct from the conventional bound states at defects or virtual bound states in photonic crystals, but comes from a photonic counterpart of the zero-point states in wave mechanics. Model calculations show that the low-lying photon dispersions are indeed described accurately by the tight-binding model. To exemplify how we can exploit the tight-binding analogy for designing of photonic bands, we propose a "flat photonic band" in the kagome network, in which the photonic flat band is shown to arise with group velocities that can be as small as 1/1000 times the velocity of light in vacuum.
Endo, S., Oka, T., & Aoki, H. (2010). Tight-binding photonic bands in metallophotonic waveguide networks and flat bands in kagome lattices. Physical Review B, 81(11), 1-4. . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.81.113104