Thymic regeneration in mice and humans following sex steroid ablation

Anne Louise Fletcher, Jessica Jane Reiseger, Katerina Vlahos, Natalie Louise Seach, Jarrod Andrew Dudakov, Ann Patricia Chidgey, Richard Lennox Boyd

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Abstract : The thymus is the cradle of T-cell-mediated immunity. Normal thymic development ensures the export of a diverse repertoire of T-cells reactive against pathogens, foreign matter and tumours, and its role as the sole generator of alphabeta Tcells makes it a unique organ, indispensable for health. Although the thymus continues to produce T-cells throughout life, it undergoes progressive atrophy with age, restricting both the number and diversity of newly derived T-cells within the peripheral T-cell pool and compromising their ability to detect and respond efficiently to pathogens. This involution is most obvious from the onset of puberty and, accordingly, can be reversed with sex steroid ablation (SSA) therapy. Clinically, this is of paramount importance for patients with acquired immunodeficiencies, since the atrophied thymus cannot quickly export sufficient numbers of new T-cells to repopulate a depleted peripheral pool. Instead, patients are left dangerously susceptible to infection for extended periods. Reversible SSA promises to speed the time taken to immune recovery by rejuvenating the aged thymus and increasing T-cell output, with the potential to transform the clinical management of many major diseases with T-cell based aetiology.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHandbook on Immunosensecence: Basic understanding and clinical applications
    EditorsT Fulop, C Franceschi, K Hirokawa, G Pawelec
    Place of PublicationGermany
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages1571 - 1609
    Number of pages39
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Print)9781402090622
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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