Thrombolytic therapy in vertebrobasilar occlusion

D. Thyagarajan, R. J. Stark, J. Frayne, B. S. Gilligan, N. Sacharias

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Abstract

Since 1983 at the Alfred Hospital 4 patients with thrombotic or embolic vertebrobasilar occlusions have been treated with intra-arterial streptokinase (SK) infusions for the effects of persisting brainstem ischaemia despite anticoagulation with heparin. In 3 cases there was immediate and dramatic neurological improvement, in all cases associated with arteriographically demonstrated reperfusion of a blocked vessel. Two of these patients suffered further thromboembolic vertebral or basilar artery occlusions (3 days and 2 years later) but recovered fully without further thrombolytic therapy. The other patient was given intra-arterial SK 12 days after an apparently completed brainstem stroke: the therapy failed to cause reperfusion of a vertebral occlusion or produce any clinical improvement. Complications from the therapy were nausea requiring the termination of the SK infusion in one case, easily controlled bleeding from a recent surgical wound, and a clinically insignificant haemorrhagic transformation of cerebellar infarction in a third. The benefits of thrombolytic therapy in vertebrobasilar ischaemia and the dose of streptokinase required are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-142
Number of pages14
JournalClinical and Experimental Neurology
Volume29
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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