Three glycoside hydrolase family 12 enzymes display diversity in substrate specificities and synergistic action between each other

Zhu Zhu, Jingyao Qu, Lele Yu, Xukai Jiang, Guodong Liu, Lushan Wang, Yinbo Qu, Yuqi Qin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


PoCel12A, PoCel12B, and PoCel12C are genes that encode glycoside hydrolase family 12 (GH12) enzymes in Penicillium oxalicum. PoCel12A and PoCel12B are typical GH12 enzymes that belong to fungal subfamilies 12-1 and 12-2, respectively. PoCel12C contains a low-complexity region (LCR) domain, which is not found in PoCel12A or PoCel12B and independent of fungal subfamily 12-1 or 12-2. Recombinant enzymes (named rCel12A, rCel12B and rCel12C) demonstrate existing diversity in the substrate specificities. Although most members in GH family 12 are typical endoglucanases and preferentially hydrolyze β-1,4-glucan (e.g., carboxymethylcellulose), recombinant PoCel12A is a non-typical endo-(1-4)-β-glucanase; it preferentially hydrolyzes mix-linked β-glucan (barley β-glucan, β-1,3-1,4-glucan) and slightly hydrolyzes β-1,4-glucan (carboxymethylcellulose). Recombinant PoCel12B possesses a significantly high activity against xyloglucan. A specific activity of rCel12B toward xyloglucan (239 µmol/min/mg) is the second-highest value known. Recombinant PoCel12C shows low activity toward β-glucan, carboxymethylcellulose, or xyloglucan. All three enzymes can degrade phosphoric acid-swollen cellulose (PASC). However, the hydrolysis products toward PASC by enzymes are different: the main hydrolysis products are cellotriose, cellotetraose, and cellobiose for rCel12A, rCel12B, and rCel12C, correspondingly. A synergistic action toward PASC among rCel12A and rCel12B is observed, thereby suggesting a potential application for preparing enzyme cocktails used in lignocellulose hydrolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5443-5454
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Biology Reports
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019


  • Endoglucanase
  • Glycoside hydrolase family 12
  • Penicillium oxalicum
  • Xyloglucanase

Cite this