Three-dimensional ultrasonography by means of HDlive rendering in the first trimester of pregnancy: A pictorial review

Gabriele Tonni, Anna Pia Castigliego, Gianpaolo Grisolia, Mario Lituania, Simon Meagher, Fabrício Da Silva Costa, Edward Araujo Júnior

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Our objective was to describe early embryo/fetus anatomy and abnormalities provided by three and four-dimensional (3D/4D) ultrasound using HDlive rendering technology in the first trimester of pregnancy. Normal and pathologic embryonic and fetal volume data set with postprocessing using HDlive rendering mode. Virtual fetoscopic imaging of the normal and pathologic fetus even at early stage of development with increasing maternal-fetal bonding process. HDlive represents a novel and valuable lightening system for 3D/4D ultrasound application that may aid the prenatal interpretation of early congenital malformations although limitations and cautions are still needed for inclusion in obstetric clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-119
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Turkish-German Gynecology Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Fetal malformations
  • First trimester of pregnancy
  • HDlive rendering
  • Three-dimensional ultrasound

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