Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation on Triaxial Failure Mechanical Behavior of Rock-Like Specimen Containing Two Unparallel Fissures

Yan Hua Huang, Sheng Qi Yang, Jian Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


A three-dimensional particle flow code (PFC3D) was used for a systematic numerical simulation of the strength failure and cracking behavior of rock-like material specimens containing two unparallel fissures under conventional triaxial compression. The micro-parameters of the parallel bond model were first calibrated using the laboratory results of intact specimens and then validated from the experimental results of pre-fissured specimens under triaxial compression. Numerically simulated stress–strain curves, strength and deformation parameters and macro-failure modes of pre-fissured specimens were all in good agreement with the experimental results. The relationship between stress and the micro-crack numbers was summarized. Crack initiation, propagation and coalescence process of pre-fissured specimens were analyzed in detail. Finally, horizontal and vertical cross sections of numerical specimens were derived from PFC3D. A detailed analysis to reveal the internal damage behavior of rock under triaxial compression was carried out. The experimental and simulated results are expected to improve the understanding of the strength failure and cracking behavior of fractured rock under triaxial compression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4711-4729
Number of pages19
JournalRock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • Crack evolution
  • Internal damage
  • PFC3D
  • Rock mechanics
  • Triaxial compression

Cite this