Functional studies were conducted on guinea pig atrial muscarinic acetylcholine M2 receptors with the allosteric modulators heptane-1,7- bis(dimethyl-3'-phthalimidopropyl)ammonium bromide (C7/3'-phth), gallamine and alcuronium to determine whether these ligands are able to recognize a common accessory site. The three modulators inhibited the negative inotropic response to carbachol in this tissue. When used in combination, C7/3'-phth and gallamine or C7/3'-phth and alcuronium gave dose ratios that were either additive or underadditive. In contrast, the combinations of C7/3'-phth or alcuronium with the competitive antagonists, N-methylscopolamine or atropine, yielded supra-additive dose ratios. The data could be reconciled with a model involving a ternary complex between (1) the receptor, (2) carbachol, N- methylscopolamine or atropine acting at the orthosteric binding site and (3) C7/3'-phth, alcuronium or gallamine acting at a common, allosteric site with varying degrees of heterotropic cooperativity.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 1997|