Thiolate/disulfide based electrolytes for p-type and tandem dye-sensitized solar cells

Satvasheel Ramesh Powar, Rishabh Bhargava, Torben Jost Daeneke, Gunther Gotz, Peter Bauerle, Thomas Geiger, Simon Kuster, Frank A Nuesch, Leone Spiccia, Udo Bach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents the first report of a tandem dye-sensitized solar cell employing optically transparent, non-corrosive metal-free thiolate/disulfide based electrolytes and a set of sensitizers with complementary absorption spectra. Sodium 1-phenyl-1H-tetrazole-5-thiolate and its reduced form 5,5′-dithiobis(1-phenyl-1H-tetrazole) (thiolate/disulfide) were used as redox mediators for photocathodic dye-sensitized solar cells (p-DSCs), yielding higher open circuit voltages (285 mV) compared to the more commonly used iodide-based redox couple (226 mV). The herein achieved efficiencies of p-DSCs (0.51 %) and pn-DSCs (1.33 %) employing the thiolate/disulfide-based electrolytes were comparable to p-DSCs and pn-DSCs employing conventional iodide-based electrolytes (0.44 % and 1.19 %)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-463
Number of pages6
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Thiolate/Disulfide Electrolyte
  • p-type dye-sensitized solar cells
  • tandem dye-sensitized solar cells
  • redox electrolyte
  • p-DSC

Cite this