Thermomagnetic Convection Around a Current-Carrying Wire in Ferrofluid

Ashkan Vatani, Peter Lloyd Woodfield, Nam Trung Nguyen, Dzung Viet Dao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Thermomagnetic convection of a ferrofluid flow induced by the internal magnetic field around a vertical current-carrying wire was theoretically analyzed and experimentally validated for the first time. The Nusselt number for a heated 50-μm diameter wire in a ferrofluid was measured for different electrical currents and fluid temperatures. The experimental results are in a good agreement with the proposed scaling analysis. We found that increasing the current will increase the Nusselt number nonlinearly and ultimately enhances the heat transfer capability of the induced ferrofluid flow. We observed that the thermomagnetic convection becomes dominant, if large enough currents are applied.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104502
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Cite this