The research for this article was funded from an Australian Research Council Grant to the Varieties of Official Histories project based at the University of Melbourne. The article is an expanded and revised version of previous English publications: ‘Stragglers and Shirkers: An Anzac Imperial Controversy’, Working Papers in Australian Studies, no. 67, Sir Robert Memies Centre for Australian Studies, University of London 1991 and ‘History and Betrayal: The Anzac Controversy’, History Today, vol. 43, January 1993, pp. 8–11.