The variability of tropical ice cloud properties as a function of the large-scale context from ground-based radar-lidar observations over Darwin, Australia

Alain Protat, J Delanoe, Peter May, John Haynes, Christian Jakob, E O'Connor, Michael Pope, Matthew Wheeler

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The statistical properties of non-precipitating tropical ice clouds over Darwin, Australia are characterized using ground-based radar-lidar observations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. The ice cloud properties analysed are the frequency of ice cloud occurrence, the morphological properties (cloud top height and thickness, cloud fraction as derived considering a typical large-scale model grid box), and the microphysical and radiative properties (ice water content, visible extinction, effective radius, terminal fall speed, and total concentration). The variability of these tropical ice cloud properties is then studied as a function of the large-scale cloud regimes derived from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP), the amplitude and phase of the Maddena??Julian Oscillation (MJO), and the large-scale atmospheric regime as derived from a long-term record of radiosonde observations over Darwin. The rationale for characterizing this variability is to provide an observational basis to which model outputs can be compared for the different regimes or large-scale characteristics and from which new parameterizations accounting for the large-scale context can be derived.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20069 - 20124
Number of pages56
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume11
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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