The validation of the Malay Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0: factor structure, item analysis and model fit

Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha, Ahalya Kalasivan, Mahalakshmi Ponnusamy Pillai, Poopathy Suppiah, Salmiah Md Sharif, Shamini Gayathri Krishnan, Subasni Samy Pullay, Noor Ashikin Osman

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    Abstract

    Objective: The development of a second version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) coincides with the latest updates in the diagnosis of addiction as documented in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The objective of the present study was to translate the YFAS 2.0 into the Malay language and test its psychometric properties in a primary-care population.Design: Patients were assessed for food addiction utilizing the Malay YFAS 2.0. The participants were also assessed for eating disorder using the validated Malay Binge Eating Scale. The psychometric properties of the YFAS 2.0 were determined by analysing factor structure, overall item statistics, internal consistency and construct validity.Setting: Between 2017 and 2018, participants were chosen from a regional primary-care clinic in the district of Seremban, Malaysia.Participants: Patients (n 382) from a regional primary-care clinic.Results: The prevalence of food addiction was 5·0%. A two-factor structure of the YFAS was confirmed as the most optimal solution for the scale via confirmatory factor analysis. In both its diagnostic and symptom count version, the YFAS 2.0 had good internal consistency (Kuder-Richardson α > 0·80 and McDonald's ω > 0·9).Conclusions: We validated a psychometrically sound Malay version of the YFAS 2.0 in a primary-care population. Both diagnostic and symptom count versions of the scale had robust psychometric properties. The questionnaire can be used to develop health promotion strategies to detect food addiction tendencies in a general population.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)402-409
    Number of pages8
    JournalPublic Health Nutrition
    Volume23
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

    Keywords

    • Binge eating
    • BMI
    • Food addiction
    • Food craving
    • Psychometric properties
    • Validation

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