Background Research exploring the unmet supportive care needs of Arab cancer survivors is limited, with most conducted with immigrant groups. No study has compared the unmet supportive care needs of immigrant Arab cancer survivors with Arab cancer survivors living in their native country. Objective To explore the unmet supportive care needs of both Arab Australian and Arab Jordanian cancer survivors. Methods Arab people living in Sydney, Australia, and Amman, Jordan, and diagnosed with cancer within the last 5 years were invited to complete a questionnaire that measured unmet supportive care needs, depression, and language acculturation. Multiple regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of unmet supportive care needs. Results Seventy-seven Arab Jordanian and 66 Arab Australian cancer survivors were recruited. Australian participants were older than their Jordanian counterparts (61.5 vs 52.3 years; P <.001) and reported higher levels of overall unmet needs (44.9 vs 36.1; P =.012). Controlling for age and stage of cancer diagnosis, higher levels of depression (β =.34) and living in Australia (β =.26) were significant predictors of unmet needs and explained almost 17% of the variance. Conclusions These findings have extended our understanding of the unmet supportive care needs of Arab cancer survivors and confirm disparities in unmet needs in immigrant populations. Implications for Practice Greater attention is needed to ensure the supportive care needs are met for immigrant patients with cancer. Additional strategies to address physical and psychological needs are particularly needed in this group.
- Unmet needs