The Triple Crown of Antisocial Behavior: Effortful Control, Negative Emotionality, and Community Disadvantage

Kevin T. Wolff, Michael T. Baglivio, Alex R. Piquero, Michael G. Vaughn, Matt DeLisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the effect of negative emotionality, effortful control, and community disadvantage on juvenile recidivism. Using DeLisi and Vaughn’s temperament theory as a foundation, we assess whether youth who have temperament issues and those who live in disadvantaged communities are more likely to recidivate. Findings indicate that net of a wide array of known risk factors, youth with poor temperaments, and those living in disadvantaged communities are more likely to reoffend. Additionally, those youth who face a triple threat of temperament issues and disadvantage reoffend faster post-completion. The theoretical and policy implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-366
Number of pages17
JournalYouth Violence and Juvenile Justice
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • community context
  • juvenile justice
  • recidivism
  • temperament theory

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