The toxicity of prion protein fragment PrP(106-126) is not mediated by membrane permeabilization as shown by a M112W substitution

Sonia Troeira Henriques, Leonard Keith Pattenden, Marie-Isabel Aguilar, Miguel A R B Castanho

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prion diseases result from a post-translational modification of the physiological Prion protein (PrPC) into a scrapie isoform (PrPSc). The PrP(106-126) fragment is conserved among various abnormal variants and shows PrPSc pathogenic properties. It has been proposed that the PrP(106-126) fragment may exhibit its toxic effects through membrane channel formation. However our previous studies showed that PrP(106-126) does not interact with membranes under physiological conditions. In the present study, PrP(106-126) affinity for membranes was increased by modifying PrP(106-126) with a M112W substitution and pore formation was further evaluated. However, while the peptide exhibited an increased local concentration in the membrane, this did not lead to the induction of membrane permeabilization, as verified by fluorescence methodologies and surface plasmon resonance. These results further support the idea that PrP(106-126) toxicity is not a consequence of peptide-membrane interaction and pore formation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4198 - 4208
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemistry
Volume48
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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