The tectonic and metallogenic framework of Myanmar

A Tethyan mineral system

Nicholas J. Gardiner, Laurence J. Robb, Christopher K. Morley, Michael P. Searle, Peter A. Cawood, Martin J. Whitehouse, Christopher L. Kirkland, Nick M W Roberts, Tin Aung Myint

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Myanmar is perhaps one of the world's most prospective but least explored minerals jurisdictions, containing important known deposits of tin, tungsten, copper, gold, zinc, lead, nickel, silver, jade and gemstones. A scarcity of recent geological mapping available in published form, coupled with an unfavourable political climate, has resulted in the fact that, although characterized by several world-class deposits, the nation's mineral resource sector is underdeveloped. As well as representing a potential new search space for a range of commodities, many of Myanmar's known existing mineral deposits remain highly prospective. Myanmar lies at a crucial geologic juncture, immediately south of the Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis, however it remains geologically enigmatic. Its Mesozoic-Recent geological history is dominated by several orogenic events representing the closing of the Tethys Ocean. We present new zircon U-Pb age data related to several styles of mineralization within Myanmar. We outline a tectonic model for Myanmar from the Late Cretaceous onwards, and document nine major mineralization styles representing a range of commodities found within the country. We propose a metallogenetic model that places the genesis of many of these metallotects within the framework of the subduction and suturing of Neo-Tethys and the subsequent Himalayan Orogeny. Temporal overlap of favourable conditions for the formation of particular deposit types during orogenic progression permits the genesis of differing metallotects during the same orogenic event. We suggest the evolution of these favourable conditions and resulting genesis of much of Myanmar's mineral deposits, represents a single, evolving, mineral system: the subduction and suturing of Neo-Tethys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-45
Number of pages20
JournalOre Geology Reviews
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Zircon
  • SW China
  • Triassic

Cite this

Gardiner, N. J., Robb, L. J., Morley, C. K., Searle, M. P., Cawood, P. A., Whitehouse, M. J., ... Myint, T. A. (2016). The tectonic and metallogenic framework of Myanmar: A Tethyan mineral system. Ore Geology Reviews, 79, 26-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2016.04.024
Gardiner, Nicholas J. ; Robb, Laurence J. ; Morley, Christopher K. ; Searle, Michael P. ; Cawood, Peter A. ; Whitehouse, Martin J. ; Kirkland, Christopher L. ; Roberts, Nick M W ; Myint, Tin Aung. / The tectonic and metallogenic framework of Myanmar : A Tethyan mineral system. In: Ore Geology Reviews. 2016 ; Vol. 79. pp. 26-45.
@article{2ee5416951d44c7b8d04934bf4025182,
title = "The tectonic and metallogenic framework of Myanmar: A Tethyan mineral system",
abstract = "Myanmar is perhaps one of the world's most prospective but least explored minerals jurisdictions, containing important known deposits of tin, tungsten, copper, gold, zinc, lead, nickel, silver, jade and gemstones. A scarcity of recent geological mapping available in published form, coupled with an unfavourable political climate, has resulted in the fact that, although characterized by several world-class deposits, the nation's mineral resource sector is underdeveloped. As well as representing a potential new search space for a range of commodities, many of Myanmar's known existing mineral deposits remain highly prospective. Myanmar lies at a crucial geologic juncture, immediately south of the Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis, however it remains geologically enigmatic. Its Mesozoic-Recent geological history is dominated by several orogenic events representing the closing of the Tethys Ocean. We present new zircon U-Pb age data related to several styles of mineralization within Myanmar. We outline a tectonic model for Myanmar from the Late Cretaceous onwards, and document nine major mineralization styles representing a range of commodities found within the country. We propose a metallogenetic model that places the genesis of many of these metallotects within the framework of the subduction and suturing of Neo-Tethys and the subsequent Himalayan Orogeny. Temporal overlap of favourable conditions for the formation of particular deposit types during orogenic progression permits the genesis of differing metallotects during the same orogenic event. We suggest the evolution of these favourable conditions and resulting genesis of much of Myanmar's mineral deposits, represents a single, evolving, mineral system: the subduction and suturing of Neo-Tethys.",
keywords = "Zircon, SW China, Triassic",
author = "Gardiner, {Nicholas J.} and Robb, {Laurence J.} and Morley, {Christopher K.} and Searle, {Michael P.} and Cawood, {Peter A.} and Whitehouse, {Martin J.} and Kirkland, {Christopher L.} and Roberts, {Nick M W} and Myint, {Tin Aung}",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.oregeorev.2016.04.024",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "26--45",
journal = "Ore Geology Reviews",
issn = "0169-1368",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Gardiner, NJ, Robb, LJ, Morley, CK, Searle, MP, Cawood, PA, Whitehouse, MJ, Kirkland, CL, Roberts, NMW & Myint, TA 2016, 'The tectonic and metallogenic framework of Myanmar: A Tethyan mineral system', Ore Geology Reviews, vol. 79, pp. 26-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2016.04.024

The tectonic and metallogenic framework of Myanmar : A Tethyan mineral system. / Gardiner, Nicholas J.; Robb, Laurence J.; Morley, Christopher K.; Searle, Michael P.; Cawood, Peter A.; Whitehouse, Martin J.; Kirkland, Christopher L.; Roberts, Nick M W; Myint, Tin Aung.

In: Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 79, 01.12.2016, p. 26-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The tectonic and metallogenic framework of Myanmar

T2 - A Tethyan mineral system

AU - Gardiner, Nicholas J.

AU - Robb, Laurence J.

AU - Morley, Christopher K.

AU - Searle, Michael P.

AU - Cawood, Peter A.

AU - Whitehouse, Martin J.

AU - Kirkland, Christopher L.

AU - Roberts, Nick M W

AU - Myint, Tin Aung

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Myanmar is perhaps one of the world's most prospective but least explored minerals jurisdictions, containing important known deposits of tin, tungsten, copper, gold, zinc, lead, nickel, silver, jade and gemstones. A scarcity of recent geological mapping available in published form, coupled with an unfavourable political climate, has resulted in the fact that, although characterized by several world-class deposits, the nation's mineral resource sector is underdeveloped. As well as representing a potential new search space for a range of commodities, many of Myanmar's known existing mineral deposits remain highly prospective. Myanmar lies at a crucial geologic juncture, immediately south of the Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis, however it remains geologically enigmatic. Its Mesozoic-Recent geological history is dominated by several orogenic events representing the closing of the Tethys Ocean. We present new zircon U-Pb age data related to several styles of mineralization within Myanmar. We outline a tectonic model for Myanmar from the Late Cretaceous onwards, and document nine major mineralization styles representing a range of commodities found within the country. We propose a metallogenetic model that places the genesis of many of these metallotects within the framework of the subduction and suturing of Neo-Tethys and the subsequent Himalayan Orogeny. Temporal overlap of favourable conditions for the formation of particular deposit types during orogenic progression permits the genesis of differing metallotects during the same orogenic event. We suggest the evolution of these favourable conditions and resulting genesis of much of Myanmar's mineral deposits, represents a single, evolving, mineral system: the subduction and suturing of Neo-Tethys.

AB - Myanmar is perhaps one of the world's most prospective but least explored minerals jurisdictions, containing important known deposits of tin, tungsten, copper, gold, zinc, lead, nickel, silver, jade and gemstones. A scarcity of recent geological mapping available in published form, coupled with an unfavourable political climate, has resulted in the fact that, although characterized by several world-class deposits, the nation's mineral resource sector is underdeveloped. As well as representing a potential new search space for a range of commodities, many of Myanmar's known existing mineral deposits remain highly prospective. Myanmar lies at a crucial geologic juncture, immediately south of the Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis, however it remains geologically enigmatic. Its Mesozoic-Recent geological history is dominated by several orogenic events representing the closing of the Tethys Ocean. We present new zircon U-Pb age data related to several styles of mineralization within Myanmar. We outline a tectonic model for Myanmar from the Late Cretaceous onwards, and document nine major mineralization styles representing a range of commodities found within the country. We propose a metallogenetic model that places the genesis of many of these metallotects within the framework of the subduction and suturing of Neo-Tethys and the subsequent Himalayan Orogeny. Temporal overlap of favourable conditions for the formation of particular deposit types during orogenic progression permits the genesis of differing metallotects during the same orogenic event. We suggest the evolution of these favourable conditions and resulting genesis of much of Myanmar's mineral deposits, represents a single, evolving, mineral system: the subduction and suturing of Neo-Tethys.

KW - Zircon

KW - SW China

KW - Triassic

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84982083960&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2016.04.024

DO - 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2016.04.024

M3 - Article

VL - 79

SP - 26

EP - 45

JO - Ore Geology Reviews

JF - Ore Geology Reviews

SN - 0169-1368

ER -