A series of 2-amino-4,5,6,7,8,9-hexahydrocycloocta[b]thiophenes were prepared and evaluated as potential allosteric modulators of the A(1) adenosine receptor (AR). The structure-activity relationships of the 3-position were explored along with varying the size of the cycloalkyl ring. 2-Aminothiophenes with amide and hydrazide groups in the 3-position were completely inactive in an A(1)-AR-mediated ERK1/2 phosphorylation assay, yet most of the 3-benzoyl substituted compounds exhibited allosteric effects on responses mediated by the orthosteric agonist, R-PIA. Despite finding an increase in both agonistic and allosteric activities by going from a cyclopentyl ring to a cyclohexyl ring in the 3-benzoyl series, decreases were observed when further increasing the ring size. Varying the substituents on the phenyl ring of the 3-benzoyl group also affected the activity of these compounds.