The space motion of the globular cluster NGC 6397

Jasonjot S M Kalirai, Jay Anderson, Harvey B Richer, Ivan R King, James Brewer, Gregory G Fahlman, Saul Davis, Brad M S Hansen, Jarrod Robert Hurley, David Reitzel, R Michael Rich, M M Shara, Peter B Stetson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a by-product of high-precision, ultradeep stellar photometry in the Galactic globular cluster NGC 6397 with the Hubble Space Telescope, we are able to measure a large population of background galaxies whose images are nearly pointlike. These provide an extragalactic reference frame of unprecedented accuracy, relative to which we measure the most accurate absolute proper motion ever determined for a globular cluster. We find mu(alpha) cos delta = 3.56 +/- 0.04 mas yr(-1) and mu(delta) = -17.34 +/- 0.04 mas yr(-1). We note that the formal statistical errors quoted for the proper motion of NGC 6397 do not include possible unavoidable sources of systematic errors, such as cluster rotation. These are very unlikely to exceed a few percent. We use this new proper motion to calculate NGC 6397 s UVW space velocity and its orbit around the Milky Way and find that the cluster has made frequent passages through the Galactic disk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93 - 96
Number of pages4
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume657
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Cite this