The safety benefits of older drivers attending an in-person licence renewal

Sjaan Koppel, Lyndal Bugeja, Amanda Stephens, Anna Cartwright, Rachel Osborne, Gabrielle Williams, Sujanie Peiris, Marilyn Di Stefano, Judith L. Charlton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: This study systematically reviewed the literature on key issues relating to the safety benefits of older drivers attending an in-person licence renewal. This included identifying: 1) screening tools that are suitable for inclusion in a populationbased in-person licence renewal process for drivers aged 75 years and older which: a) can be administered by non-health professionals (or via a computer terminal/smart device), and b) are compatible with Australian fitness to drive requirements; 2) the evidence that in-person licence renewal policies are associated with safety benefits, as defined by: a) a reduction in motor vehicle crash risk, or b) on-road driving test outcomes. Methods: This review was registered with PROSPERO 2019: CRD42019120809. A systematic search of public health, psychology and transport databases was conducted on March 20th 2019. Results: Five studies published between 1986 and 2011 met the inclusion criteria. The review did not identify any suitable screening tools for inclusion in a population-based in-person licence renewal process for older drivers. There was inconclusive evidence regarding the safety benefits associated with in-person licence renewal policies for older drivers. Two studies reported that these policies were associated with a reduced crash risk. However, two studies reported that these policies were not associated with a reduced crash risk, and a third study provided inconclusive evidence. It is important to note that the included studies were conducted across different licensing jurisdictions, with different in-person licence renewal policies – both with and without vision and cognitive testing, which limit the generalisability of the findings. Conclusions: It is recommended that a population-based controlled research study in multiple licensing jurisdictions is conducted to specifically investigate the safety benefits of in-person licence renewal policies, as well as the efficacy of different components (including screening by health professionals prior to renewal), as a means to reduce road trauma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100845
JournalJournal of Transport & Health
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Crash risk
  • Fitness to drive
  • In-person licence renewal
  • Older drivers
  • Road safety
  • Screening tool

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