The safe system approach - A road safety strategy based on human factors principles

Peter Larsson, Claes Tingvall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In most safety critical domains, safety has been improved through the application of contemporary human error models and management methods. But the common strategic approach to improve road safety has so far mainly been built on the view that individual road-users utterly are responsible when crashes occur and countermeasures have consequently been aimed at changing the behaviour of the road-user. This approach is however slowly shifting and there is a growing understanding that the strategies must be based on human factors principles. In this paper the human factors principles of the Safe System approach are outlined and important implications for the design and regulation of the road transport system will be presented. It is concluded that the Safe System approach share vital foundations with the human factors concept. But it is argued that the Safe System approach takes the human factors approach further by regarding the capability of the human body to withstand external influences with a potential to induce bodily harm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics
Subtitle of host publicationApplications and Services - 10th International Conference, EPCE 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Proceedings
Pages19-28
Number of pages10
Volume8020 LNAI
EditionPART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics (EPCE) 2013 - Las Vegas, United States of America
Duration: 21 Jul 201326 Jul 2013
Conference number: 10th
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-642-39360-0 (Proceedings Part I)
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-642-39354-9 (Proceedings Part II)

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 2
Volume8020 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics (EPCE) 2013
Abbreviated titleEPCE 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America
CityLas Vegas
Period21/07/1326/07/13
OtherLNCS, volume 8019 and LNCS, volume 8020

PART I - LNCS, volume 8019
Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics. Understanding Human Cognition
10th International Conference, EPCE 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I

PART II - LNCS, volume 8020
Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics. Applications and Services
10th International Conference, EPCE 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II
Internet address

Keywords

  • Human Factors
  • road safety
  • road users
  • Safe System approach
  • safety
  • system safety
  • Vision Zero

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