The role of the PDE4D cAMP phosphodiesterase in the regulation of glucagon-like peptide-1 release

W. K. Ong, F. M. Gribble, F. Reimann, M. J. Lynch, M. D. Houslay, G. S. Baillie, B. L. Furman, N. J. Pyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Background and purpose: Increases in intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) augment the release/secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-I). As cAMP is hydrolysed by cAMP phosphodiesterases (PDEs), we determined the role of PDEs and particularly PDE4 in regulating GLP-I release. Experimental approach: GLP-1 release, PDE expression and activity were investigated using rats and GLUTag cells, a GLP-1-releasing cell line. The effects of rolipram, a selective PDE4 inhibitor both in vivo and in vitro and stably overexpressed catalytically inactive PDE4D5 (D556A-PDE4D5) mutant in vitro on GLP-1 release were investigated. Key results: Rolipram (1.5 -1 i.v.) increased plasma GLP-1 concentrations approximately twofold above controls in anaesthetized rats and enhanced glucose-induced GLP-1 release in GLUTag cells (EC 50 ∼1.2 nmol.L -1). PDE4D mRNA transcript and protein were detected in GLUTag cells using RT-PCR with gene-specific primers and Western blotting with a specific PDE4D antibody respectively. Moreover, significant PDE activity was inhibited by rolipram in GLUTag cells. A GLUTag cell clone (C1) stably overexpressing the D556A-PDE4D5 mutant, exhibited elevated intracellular cAMP levels and increased basal and glucose-induced GLP-1 release compared with vector-transfected control cells. A role for intracellular cAMP/PKA in enhancing GLP-1 release in response to overexpression of D556A-PDE4D5 mutant was demonstrated by the finding that the PKA inhibitor H89 reduced both basal and glucose-induced GLP-1 release by 37% and 39%, respectively, from C1 GLUTag cells. Conclusions and implications: PDE4D may play an important role in regulating intracellular cAMP linked to the regulation of GLP-1 release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-644
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • CAMP
  • Dominant negative
  • Glucagon-like peptide-1
  • GLUTag cells
  • H89
  • PDE4D4
  • Phosphodiesterase
  • Rolipram

Cite this