The role of project’s initiatives focused on the reduction of environmental footprints during COVID-19: evidence from the United States firms

Mohamed M. Dhiaf, Khakan Najaf, Hazem Marashdeh, Osama F. Atayah, Guilherme F. Frederico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we examine whether the projects of the United States (U.S.) corporations have implemented initiatives to reduce the environmental footprint of their supply chains during coronavirus (COVID-19). Environmental footprint reductions could be achieved by reducing waste, reducing resource use, and reducing ecological emissions by introducing environmental management systems in the supply chains. For this aim, the project’s initiatives play a crucial role. This study has the primary purpose of examining the impact of ecological footprints on financial performance achieved by US corporations’ initiatives implemented through projects during the COVID-19 period. The final sample comprises 9997 company-year observations over the investigation period between 2010 and 2020. The results suggest that firms implementing the initiatives to reduce environmental footprint have shown a significant positive financial performance during the COVID-19 period. The results are robust to alternative specifications of informativeness and sensitivity tests controlling for time-invariant firm characteristics and alternative firms' performance measures. Our results corroborate with stakeholder theory, which implies implementing green policies will alleviate the agency issue and safeguard the shareholders' interest. Moreover, it clearly demonstrates the positive impact of environmental projects-focused organizations on the financial and environmental performance even while challenging and disrupting situations such as this unprecedented pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-427
Number of pages15
JournalOperations Management Research
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • Environmental footprints
  • Financial performance
  • Stakeholder theory
  • Supply chains

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