The role of physico-chemical and bulk characteristics of co-spray dried L-leucine and polyvinylpyrrolidone on glidant and binder properties in interactive mixtures

Sharad Mangal, Felix Meiser, Satu Lakio, David Alexander Vodden Morton, Ian Clair Larson

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15 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) was spray dried with l-leucine (PVP-Leu) to create a prototype multifunctional interactive excipient. The physico-chemical and bulk properties such as particle size, surface composition, surface energy and bulk cohesion of PVP-Leu was measured and compared against pure spray dried PVP (PVP-SD). The mixing behaviour of these excipients and their effect on flow and binder activity of paracetamol was assessed. The mean particle sizes of PVP-Leu PVP-SD and PVP were 2.5, 2.1 and 21.9 ?m, respectively. Surface composition characterization indicated that l-leucine achieved higher concentrations on the surface compared to the bulk of the PVP-Leu particles. The surface energy of PVP-Leu was significantly lower compared to PVP-SD. In addition, PVP-Leu exhibited a significantly lower bulk cohesion compared PVP-SD. The excipients were blended with paracetamol and qualitative characterization indicated that PVP-Leu blended more homogeneously with paracetamol compared to PVP-SD. Both PVP-Leu and PVP-SD then exhibited a significantly improved binder activity compared to PVP. The flow of the paracetamol was markedly improved with PVP-Leu while PVP-SD and PVP had negligible effect on its flow. This study reveals how physico-chemical and bulk properties of such prototype interactive excipients can play a key role in determining multi-factorial excipient performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338 - 348
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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