The Role of Immigrant Admission Classes on the Health and Well-being of Immigrants and Refugees in Canada: A Scoping Review

Sara Morassaei, Emma Irvin, Peter M. Smith, Kathi Wilson, Setareh Ghahari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Many countries offer different pathways through which migrants can enter a new country. In Canada, there are three main immigrant admission classes: economic, family, and refugee. Previous research suggests that there are differences in health outcomes among various subgroups of migrants. A scoping review was conducted to characterize the role of immigrant admission classes on the health and well-being of immigrants and refugees in Canada. MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, and EconLit databases were searched for quantitative studies published in English after 1990. The screening and selection process identified 27 relevant studies. Studies were categorized into four key reported outcomes: health care and services utilization, self-rated health and mental health, medical conditions and chronic illnesses, and social integration and satisfaction. Findings confirm that certain subgroups have worse health outcomes after arrival, particularly refugees, family class and other dependent immigrants. Health outcomes vary significantly across immigrant subgroups defined by the admission class through which they entered Canada.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045–1060
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Canada
  • Emigration and immigration
  • Health services
  • Scoping review
  • Social integration

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