The role of halloysite surface area and aspect ratio on the tensile properties of ethylene propylene diene monomer nanocomposites

Pooria Pasbakhsh, R. T. De Silva, Vahdat Vahedi, Hanafi Bin Ismail

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

    Abstract

    The influence of three different types of halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) with different dimensions, namely as camel lake (CLA), Jarrahdale (JA) and Matauri Bay (MB), on their reinforcing ability of ethylene propylene dine monomer (EPDM) were investigated by varying the HNTs loading (from 0-15 phr). Mechanical properties of the nanocomposites improved with addition of all three HNTs, but CLA based nanocomposites exhibited a significant enhancement compared to the other HNTs. For instance, tensile properties of EPDM nanocomposites increased by 120%, 256% and 340% for MB, JA and CLA, respectively with addition of 15 phr of HNTs. This could be due to the higher aspect ratio and higher surface area of CLA compared to others. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of nanocomposites at 15 phr of HNT loadings showed low amounts of pulled-out nanotubes which confirmed the presence of more embedded nanotubes inside the EPDM matrix, as well as aggregates within the fracture surface of EPDM/HNT nanocomposites.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication16th European Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM 2014
    PublisherEuropean Conference on Composite Materials, ECCM
    ISBN (Electronic)9780000000002
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventEuropean Conference on Composite Materials 2014 - Seville, Spain
    Duration: 22 Jun 201426 Jun 2014
    Conference number: 16th
    http://www.escm.eu.org/eccm16/index.html

    Conference

    ConferenceEuropean Conference on Composite Materials 2014
    Abbreviated titleECCM 2014
    CountrySpain
    CitySeville
    Period22/06/1426/06/14
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • Aspect ratio
    • Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs)
    • Mechanical properties
    • Rubber/clay nanocomposites

    Cite this