The role of achievement goal orientations when studying effect of learning analytics visualizations

Sanam Shirazi Beheshitha, Marek Hatala, Dragan Gaševic, Srećko Joksimovic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


When designing learning analytics tools for use by learners we have an opportunity to provide tools that consider a particular learner's situation and the learner herself. To afford actual impact on learning, such tools have to be informed by theories of education. Particularly, educational research shows that individual differences play a significant role in explaining students' learning process. However, limited empirical research in learning analytics has investigated the role of theoretical constructs, such as motivational factors, that are underlying the observed differences between individuals. In this work, we conducted a field experiment to examine the effect of three designed learning analytics visualizations on students' participation in online discussions in authentic course settings. Using hierarchical linear mixed models, our results revealed that effects of visualizations on the quantity and quality of messages posted by students with differences in achievement goal orientations could either be positive or negative. Our findings highlight the methodological importance of considering individual differences and pose important implications for future design and research of learning analytics visualizations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLAK '16 Conference Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationThe Sixth International Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference: Enhancing Impact: Convergence of Communities for Grounding, Implementation, and Validation
EditorsShane Dawson, Hendrik Drachsler, Carolyn Penstein Rosé
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450341905
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference 2016 - University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 25 Apr 201629 Apr 2016
Conference number: 6th


ConferenceInternational Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference 2016
Abbreviated titleLAK 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • Achievement goal orientation
  • Dashboards
  • Learning analytics
  • Online discussions
  • Visualizations

Cite this