The response of mammalian cells to double-stranded RNA

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Abstract

Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) has long been recognized as a central component of the interferon (IFN) system. It was originally characterized as a key mediator of IFN induction in response to virus infection. Subsequently, it was identified as a prime activator of the antiviral response. In recent years the discovery of the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway in mammals has renewed interest in dsRNA-mediated cellular responses. This has coincided with the identification of key components of the IFN induction pathway. Here, we present an overview of the current knowledge of dsRNA-mediated pathways in mammalian cells and introduce a link between these pathways and application of RNAi
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363 - 371
Number of pages9
JournalCytokine and Growth Factor Reviews
Volume18
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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