The Residential Status of Working Age Adults Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

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Objective: To describe place of residence and examine factors associated with place of residence following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in working age adults. Setting, participants, design: Retrospective cohort study (1 January 2007 to 31 December 2013) of adults (16–64 years) with severe TBI who survived to hospital discharge in Victoria, Australia. Main measures: Place of residence (dichotomised as ‘private residence’ and ‘other destination’) at 6, 12 and 24 months post injury. A modified Poisson model was fitted with a random effect for the participant. Results: There were 684 cases that were followed-up at one or more time points. At 24 months post injury, 87% (n = 537) adults with TBI were living at a private residence, of whom 66% did not require additional support. Cases were more likely to be living at a private residence at 24 months post injury compared to 6 months (adjusted relative risk = 1.08, 95% Confidence Interval, 1.04–1.11, p < .001). At 24 months post injury, 5% (n = 29) remained in rehabilitation and 4% (n = 23) lived in a nursing home. Conclusion: While the majority of cases were living at a private residence at 2 years post injury, 13% were residing in rehabilitation, a nursing home or other supported living. Longer follow-up is needed to understand if a transition to a private residence is possible for these groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-214
Number of pages14
JournalBrain Impairment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


  • accommodation
  • aged care
  • community living
  • rehabilitation
  • traumatic brain injury

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