The reliability of shoulder range of motion measures in competitive swimmers

Helen Walker, Tania Pizzari, Henry Wajswelner, Peter Blanch, Laura Schwab, Kim Bennell, Belinda Gabbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Investigate reliability of shoulder internal and external rotation (IR, ER), abduction in internal rotation (ABIR) and combined elevation (CE) range of motion tests in competitive swimmers. 

Design: Within participants, inter- and intra-examiner reliability. 

Setting: Physiotherapy Department, University of Melbourne, Australia. 

Participants: 17 competitive swimmers (aged 12-24 years) who participate in at least 5 weekly swimming sessions and two physiotherapy examiners. 

Main outcome measures: Inter- and intra-examiner reliability of IR, ER, ABIR and CE. 

Results: Good to excellent intra-examiner reliability across tests (ICCs: 0.85-0.96) with standard error of measurement (SEM)and minimal detectable change at 90% confidence interval (MDC90) ranging from 2 to 5, and 5-12°, respectively. Good to excellent inter-examiner reliability for all tests (ICCs: 0.77-0.94) except left IR (ICC: 0.65). Inter-examiner SEM and MDC90 ranged from 2 to 5° and 5-12°, respectively. 

Conclusion: Shoulder range of motion tests were reliable when applied by the same examiner. Inter-examiner reliability was acceptable for all tests except IR, which was affected by inconsistent manual scapula stabilisation between examiners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-30
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Therapy in Sport
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Range of motion
  • Reliability
  • Shoulder
  • Swimming

Cite this

Walker, Helen ; Pizzari, Tania ; Wajswelner, Henry ; Blanch, Peter ; Schwab, Laura ; Bennell, Kim ; Gabbe, Belinda. / The reliability of shoulder range of motion measures in competitive swimmers. In: Physical Therapy in Sport. 2016 ; Vol. 21. pp. 26-30.
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abstract = "Objectives: Investigate reliability of shoulder internal and external rotation (IR, ER), abduction in internal rotation (ABIR) and combined elevation (CE) range of motion tests in competitive swimmers. Design: Within participants, inter- and intra-examiner reliability. Setting: Physiotherapy Department, University of Melbourne, Australia. Participants: 17 competitive swimmers (aged 12-24 years) who participate in at least 5 weekly swimming sessions and two physiotherapy examiners. Main outcome measures: Inter- and intra-examiner reliability of IR, ER, ABIR and CE. Results: Good to excellent intra-examiner reliability across tests (ICCs: 0.85-0.96) with standard error of measurement (SEM)and minimal detectable change at 90{\%} confidence interval (MDC90) ranging from 2 to 5, and 5-12°, respectively. Good to excellent inter-examiner reliability for all tests (ICCs: 0.77-0.94) except left IR (ICC: 0.65). Inter-examiner SEM and MDC90 ranged from 2 to 5° and 5-12°, respectively. Conclusion: Shoulder range of motion tests were reliable when applied by the same examiner. Inter-examiner reliability was acceptable for all tests except IR, which was affected by inconsistent manual scapula stabilisation between examiners.",
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Walker, H, Pizzari, T, Wajswelner, H, Blanch, P, Schwab, L, Bennell, K & Gabbe, B 2016, 'The reliability of shoulder range of motion measures in competitive swimmers', Physical Therapy in Sport, vol. 21, pp. 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.03.002

The reliability of shoulder range of motion measures in competitive swimmers. / Walker, Helen; Pizzari, Tania; Wajswelner, Henry; Blanch, Peter; Schwab, Laura; Bennell, Kim; Gabbe, Belinda.

In: Physical Therapy in Sport, Vol. 21, 01.09.2016, p. 26-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The reliability of shoulder range of motion measures in competitive swimmers

AU - Walker, Helen

AU - Pizzari, Tania

AU - Wajswelner, Henry

AU - Blanch, Peter

AU - Schwab, Laura

AU - Bennell, Kim

AU - Gabbe, Belinda

PY - 2016/9/1

Y1 - 2016/9/1

N2 - Objectives: Investigate reliability of shoulder internal and external rotation (IR, ER), abduction in internal rotation (ABIR) and combined elevation (CE) range of motion tests in competitive swimmers. Design: Within participants, inter- and intra-examiner reliability. Setting: Physiotherapy Department, University of Melbourne, Australia. Participants: 17 competitive swimmers (aged 12-24 years) who participate in at least 5 weekly swimming sessions and two physiotherapy examiners. Main outcome measures: Inter- and intra-examiner reliability of IR, ER, ABIR and CE. Results: Good to excellent intra-examiner reliability across tests (ICCs: 0.85-0.96) with standard error of measurement (SEM)and minimal detectable change at 90% confidence interval (MDC90) ranging from 2 to 5, and 5-12°, respectively. Good to excellent inter-examiner reliability for all tests (ICCs: 0.77-0.94) except left IR (ICC: 0.65). Inter-examiner SEM and MDC90 ranged from 2 to 5° and 5-12°, respectively. Conclusion: Shoulder range of motion tests were reliable when applied by the same examiner. Inter-examiner reliability was acceptable for all tests except IR, which was affected by inconsistent manual scapula stabilisation between examiners.

AB - Objectives: Investigate reliability of shoulder internal and external rotation (IR, ER), abduction in internal rotation (ABIR) and combined elevation (CE) range of motion tests in competitive swimmers. Design: Within participants, inter- and intra-examiner reliability. Setting: Physiotherapy Department, University of Melbourne, Australia. Participants: 17 competitive swimmers (aged 12-24 years) who participate in at least 5 weekly swimming sessions and two physiotherapy examiners. Main outcome measures: Inter- and intra-examiner reliability of IR, ER, ABIR and CE. Results: Good to excellent intra-examiner reliability across tests (ICCs: 0.85-0.96) with standard error of measurement (SEM)and minimal detectable change at 90% confidence interval (MDC90) ranging from 2 to 5, and 5-12°, respectively. Good to excellent inter-examiner reliability for all tests (ICCs: 0.77-0.94) except left IR (ICC: 0.65). Inter-examiner SEM and MDC90 ranged from 2 to 5° and 5-12°, respectively. Conclusion: Shoulder range of motion tests were reliable when applied by the same examiner. Inter-examiner reliability was acceptable for all tests except IR, which was affected by inconsistent manual scapula stabilisation between examiners.

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JO - Physical Therapy in Sport

JF - Physical Therapy in Sport

SN - 1466-853X

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Walker H, Pizzari T, Wajswelner H, Blanch P, Schwab L, Bennell K et al. The reliability of shoulder range of motion measures in competitive swimmers. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2016 Sep 1;21:26-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.03.002