The relationship between religious coping and self-care behaviors in Iranian medical students

Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Kelly A. Allen, Saman Jamali, Mohammad Ali Heydari Gorji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, researchers have identified that coping strategies are an important contributor to an individual’s life satisfaction and ability to manage stress. The positive relationship between religious copings, specifically, with physical and mental health has also been identified in some studies. Spirituality and religion have been discussed rigorously in research, but very few studies exist on religious coping. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between religious coping methods (i.e., positive and negative religious coping) and self-care behaviors in Iranian medical students. This study used a cross-sectional design of 335 randomly selected students from Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. A data collection tool comprised of the standard questionnaire of religious coping methods and questionnaire of self-care behaviors assessment was utilized. Data were analyzed using a two-sample t test assuming equal variances. Adjusted linear regression was used to evaluate the independent association of religious copings with self-care. Adjusted linear regression model indicated an independent significant association between positive (b = 4.616, 95% CI 4.234–4.999) and negative (b = −3.726, 95% CI −4.311 to −3.141) religious coping with self-care behaviors. Findings showed a linear relationship between religious coping and self-care behaviors. Further research with larger sample sizes in diverse populations is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2109-2117
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Health improvement
  • Iran
  • Medical students
  • Religious coping
  • Self-care

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